Early Childhood is a crucial period in the life of a child starting from birth to age 5. In this period, children are rapidly developing physically as well as emotionally. In the first eighteen months, an infant makes miraculous progress, and also understands the world through her senses of touch, taste, smell, sight, and sound.
Child Development According To Age
At eighteen months children begin to walk with greater balance, running about and climbing things. They also start to establish gender identity. Their vocabulary at this age consists of about 50 words.
At age two, most children begin to understand the concept of time as well. So they will consider anything that happened in the past occurred yesterday, and things that will happen in the future happen tomorrow. Their imagination at this stage is clear, but they cannot still distinguish fantasy from reality. They can also put two words together in short phrases. So it means that their pronunciation improves. As a result, their speech is somewhat understandable to strangers. They also begin to test their limits by doing things they are forbidden to do to see what will happen.
By age three, they are capable of forming simple sentences. Then by the age of four, their speech is entirely understandable by strangers. They can also tell simple stories and engage adults and other children in conversation.
Finally, at age five, a child’s vocabulary consists of several thousand. They are able to recite alphabets and recognize words in print. Now this phase from birth to age five is also the most critical period in the life of a child. So parents must pay close attention to protect the childhood from experiences or problems capable of having lifelong effects on the abilities of the child. One such issue is Early Childhood Stress.
How Does Stress Affect Children?
Though stress at an acceptable level contributes positively to the development of the childlike to improve intelligence, cultivate innovation, etc. in some cases, it carries severe ramifications for the child’s ability to learn. It also affects their immune system, behavior, and emotional intelligence. This post identifies symptoms of unhealthy stress.
One symptom of this negative stress is that once the child is unable to deal with it like severe depression, lacking energy, and motivation. Other personalities, such as violence and disobedience, become evident.
Another symptom can be mood swings, increased irritability or aggressiveness, feelings of guilt, confusion, or frustration. Eventually, these can cause them to isolate themselves form family and friends.
They may also lie to conceal their feelings; they may begin to struggle in school or with assignments. They may have difficulty concentrating and often react angrily towards others.
Behavioral children can also become overly active. New habits such as wetting the bed, teeth grinding, and thump-sucking may become manifest.
Physical symptoms such as obesity, slow healing, viruses, and gastrointestinal infections may occur. Others include rashes and skin diseases, hair loss, frequent headache, muscle aches, vomiting, constipation, and diarrhea. Extreme fatigue, racing heartbeat, shaking, clammy hands and feet, and extreme fatigue are some of the symptoms. Appropriate measures should be taken as soon as one or more of these symptoms manifest. Failure to do so may result in problems that cannot be rolled back.